Symbiosis vs. Toxic Self Sufficiency

Carolyn Gage’s Sermon on Toxic Self-Sufficiency draws on the work of the late American evolutionary biologist Lynn Margulis, known as the primary modern proponent for the significance of symbiosis (as opposed to competition) in evolution. Margulis was an advisor to NASA. Her books include the title Symbiotic Planet. Gage applies the model that Margulis attributed to Gaia to human relations – especially, but not limited to, lesbian relationships to the world. Carolyn Gage is a playwright, performer, director and activist, and a partly-comic and partly-serious preacher. Her works can be found at CarolynGage,com.

Women’s International News Gathering Service (WINGS) has been covering the global women’s movement and related issues for community radio since 1986. WINGS works with contributing producers. Contact WINGS at [email protected]


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